Manual Preschool and Early Elementary Art Basics

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Once licensed, art teachers instruct on the basic principles of art and its history through hands-on interaction with their students. They must supervise student progress, assist students in cultivating their creativity, manage classroom discipline, grade papers, and prepare lessons. Furthermore, art teachers interact with management, other instructors, parents, and the community. The basic attributes of a successful art teacher will include high levels of organization and time management, patience, reliability, and artistic creativity.

Those who wish to become an art teacher must first choose which path they are interested in taking. The typical path to becoming an art teacher is as follows:. Many states offer a K certification can lead to a career in teaching art from the elementary level through high school. Prospective art teachers may also decide to focus on art education at a specific grade level, such as middle school or high school. On any of these pathways, students can expect to take two years of liberal arts and science courses, as well as art courses. After being admitted to the teacher preparation program at their university, which typically happens in the junior year, students will begin taking courses on methods of teaching specific to the grades they wish to teach.

After passing the state tests for teacher certification and completing observations and student teaching, a graduate will be eligible to obtain state teacher certification. Teachers who acquire further training or a national certification may benefit from opportunities for higher pay. Positions in urban or rural environments may offer higher salaries due to the increased demand for quality teachers in those areas.

Skills and experience in both teaching and art will help individuals be effective in this career. Strong communication skills and in-depth knowledge of art history and art concepts can help a candidate stand out from other applicants. Searching for Schools Answer: In some states you can apply for an art endorsement to add to your teacher certification. The formalization of these arrangements emerged in the nineteenth century with the establishment of kindergartens for educational purposes and day nurseries for care in much of Europe and North America , Brazil , China , India , Jamaica and Mexico.

While the first two years of a child's life are spent in the creation of a child's first " sense of self ", most children are able to differentiate between themselves and others by their second year. This differentiation is crucial to the child's ability to determine how they should function in relation to other people. Early childhood attachment processes that occur during early childhood years 0—2 years of age, can be influential to future education.

Art Teacher Requirements and Common Tasks

With proper guidance and exploration children begin to become more comfortable with their environment, if they have that steady relationship to guide them. Parents who are consistent with response times, and emotions will properly make this attachment early on. If this attachment is not made, there can be detrimental effects on the child in their future relationships and independence. There are proper techniques that parents and caregivers can use to establish these relationships, which will in turn allow children to be more comfortable exploring their environment.

Education for young students can help them excel academically and socially. With exposure and organized lesson plans children can learn anything they want to. The tools they learn to use during these beginning years will provide lifelong benefits to their success. Developmentally, having structure and freedom, children are able to reach their full potential. Teachers seeking to be early childhood educators must obtain certification , among other requirements. There are also programs now that have a duel certification in pre-K to grade 3 and special education from pre-K to grade 8.

These tracks typically take 4 years to complete and in the end, provide students with their certifications to teach in schools. These tracks give students in the field experience in multiple different types of classrooms as they learn how to become teachers. An example of a school that has these tracks is Indiana University of Pennsylvania.

Early childhood educators must have knowledge in the developmental changes during early childhood and the subjects being taught in an early childhood classroom. Positive reinforcement is one popular method for managing behavior in young children.

Art Teacher Requirements and Common Tasks

In Connecticut, for example, these requirements include a bachelor's degree , 36 hours of special education courses, passing scores on the Praxis II Examination and Connecticut Foundations of Reading Test and a criminal history background check. For State of Early Childhood Education Bornfreund, ; Kauerz, says that the teacher education and certification requirements do not manifest the research about how to best support development and learning for children in kindergarten through third grade.

States are requiring educators who work in open pre-kindergarten to have specific preparation in early childhood education. As indicated by NAEYC state profiles NAEYC, , just 14 states require kindergarten instructors to be confirmed in early youth; in the rest of the states, kindergarten educators might be authorized in basic training. Early childhood education often focuses on learning through play, based on the research and philosophy of Jean Piaget , which posits that play meets the physical, intellectual, language, emotional, and social needs PILES of children.

Children's curiosity and imagination naturally evoke learning when unfettered. Learning through play will allow a child to develop cognitively. In this, children learn through their interactions with others. Thus, children learn more efficiently and gain more knowledge through activities such as dramatic play, art, and social games.

Tassoni suggests that "some play opportunities will develop specific individual areas of development, but many will develop several areas. Allowing children to help get snacks ready helps develop math skills one-to-one ratio, patterns, etc. Davy states that the British Children's Act of links to play-work as the act works with play workers and sets the standards for the setting such as security, quality and staff ratios. Margaret McMillan suggested that children should be given free school meals, fruit and milk, and plenty of exercise to keep them physically and emotionally healthy.

Rudolf Steiner believed that play time allows children to talk, socially interact, use their imagination and intellectual skills. Maria Montessori believed that children learn through movement and their senses and after doing an activity using their senses. The benefits of being active for young children include physical benefits healthy weight, bone strength, cardiovascular fitness , stress relief, improved social skills and improved sleep.

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The 5 Things Children REALLY Need to Learn in Preschool (Hint: It's Not What You Think)

In a more contemporary approach, organizations such as the National Association of the Education of Young Children NAEYC promote child-guided learning experiences, individualized learning, and developmentally appropriate learning as tenets of early childhood education. This study found that implementing board games in the classroom "helped students develop social skills that transferred to other areas. Negative outcomes included children feeling excluded and showing frustration with game rules.

Piaget provides an explanation for why learning through play is such a crucial aspect of learning as a child. However, due to the advancement of technology, the art of play has started to dissolve and has transformed into "playing" through technology. If we want to develop a variety of skills, we need a balanced media diet. Each medium has costs and benefits in terms of what skills each develops.

Many oppose the theory of learning through play because they think children are not gaining new knowledge. In reality, play is the first way children learn to make sense of the world at a young age. Research suggests that the way children play and interact with concepts at a young age could help explain the differences in social and cognitive interactions later. When learning what behavior to associate with a set action can help lead children on to a more capable future.

They are exploring different roles, learning how things work, and learning to communicate and work with others. These things cannot be taught by a standard curriculum, but have to be developed through the method of play. Many preschools understand the importance of play and have designed their curriculum around that to allow children to have more freedom. Once these basics are learned at a young age, it sets children up for success throughout their schooling and their life. Many [ who?

They can follow through when a task is difficult and listen to directions for a few minutes. These skills are linked to self-control, which is within the social and emotional development that is learned over time through play among other things.

The Arts And Early Childhood

The approach focuses on learning through discovery. Maslow's hierarchy of needs showcases the different levels of needs that must be met the chart to the right showcases these needs. Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky proposed a "socio-cultural learning theory" that emphasized the impact of social and cultural experiences on individual thinking and the development of mental processes. In Vygotsky's theories of learning, he also had the theory of zone proximal development. This theory ties in with children building off of prior knowledge and gaining new knowledge related to skills they already have.


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In the theory it describes how new knowledge or skills are taken in if they are not fully learned but are starting to emerge. Once the skills are starting to be learned they need to be supported and taught to the person. In each zone of proximal development, they build on skills and grow by learning more skills in their proximal development range.

They build on the skills by being guided by teachers and parents. The theory also describes how even with teaching, it can't alter a child's development at any time. They must build off of where they are in their zone of proximal development. Vygotsky argued that since cognition occurs within a social context, our social experiences shape our ways of thinking about and interpreting the world.

Although Vygotsky predated social constructivists, he is commonly classified as one. Social constructivists believe that an individual's cognitive system is a resditional learning time. Vygotsky advocated that teachers facilitate rather than direct student learning.

KinderArt Elementary Art Lesson Plans Projects by Grade and Age

It is important to do this because students' levels of interest and abilities will vary and there needs to be differentiation. However, teachers can enhance understandings and learning for students. Vygotsky states that by sharing meanings that are relevant to the children's environment, adults promote cognitive development as well.